Labour Mobility and Human Development
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) supports development of regular temporary labour migration schemes, which are the most effective alternative to unorganized and irregular migration.
In the years 2016 – 2017 IOM Georgia, under the pilot project “Temporary Labour Migration to Poland and Estonia, funded by the IOM Development Fund (IDF), implemented number of activities aimed at the capacity building of the government of Georgia in the field of temporary labour migration management; in close cooperation with the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia, IOM developed and implemented regular temporary labour migration scheme for employment of Georgian nationals abroad, which supported regular employment of tens of Georgian citizens in Poland.
Under the EU funded project “Sustaining Border Management and Migration Governance in Georgia”, since November 2017 until present, IOM continues to support capacity building of the government of Georgia in the field of labour migration management, interstate cooperation and regular temporary employment of citizens of Georgia. The latter focuses on matching potential labour migrants with relevant profiles, experiences and skills with the vacancy announcements provided by foreign employers, provision of relevant travel information, organization of departure. All labour migrants are eligible for pre-departure orientation training courses.
Migration and Development
A high-level meeting between the UN Members States, which took place in New York on 14-15, 2006, played significant role in facilitating discussion between the UN Member States on the ways and means of ensuring utilization of international migration for development and for minimizing accompanying risks and negative outcomes. Same approaches are reflected in the UN’s “Agenda for Sustainable Development – 2030” goals (goal 10.7).
It is important to use the potential of migration for facilitating economic development, attracting investment resources, creating job placement opportunities, development of infrastructure and for overall improvement of social problems.
Since 2010 IOM Georgia has been implementing activities to use the potential of migration for Georgia’s development. For example, in 2010 – 2011 the programme - Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals (TRQN) was implemented. During the two phases of this programme up to 60 placements of 29 highly-qualified diaspora members employed abroad, took place in public and private organizations, active in Georgia in the civil sector and in the fields of economy, education, agriculture and other. For several months the diaspora representatives were directly involved in the activities of certain organizations and were providing professional consultations free of charge.
Under the EU-funded project “Sustaining Border Management and Migration Governance in Georgia (SBMMG)” IOM Georgia has broadened its activities in the direction of Migration and Development (M&D). These activities are being implemented in the following two main directions: 1. Awareness raising of the central and local authorities of Georgia, migrants and diaspora organizations on M&D issues through targeted training courses and information meetings; 2. Mainstreaming of migration into local economic development policy (local development strategies and action plans, targeted state programmes, investment projects, social projects, supporting development of economic cooperations between countries etc.).